Numbers : Meaning Explanation & Examples English Grammar

Numbers : Meaning Explanation & Examples English Grammar
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Numbers (वचन)
     

    Meaning - 

            In English grammar,number refers to the grammatical category that indicates whether a noun or pronoun is singular or plural. 

    Types of Numbers 

    1. Singular Noun - A singular noun refers to one person, place, thing, or idea.  

    2. Plural Noun - A plural noun refers to more than one person, place, thing, or idea. 

    For example- "book" is singular, while "books" is plural.
            In summary, number is an important grammatical concept in English that helps to indicate whether a noun, verb, or pronoun is singular or plural.

    Basic Rules -: 

    The basic rules for forming singular and plural nouns in English include the following:

    1. Regular Plurals: Most nouns form their plurals by adding "-s" to the singular form.
    Example: cat (singular) -> cats (plural)

    2. Plurals Ending in "-es": Nouns ending in "-ch," "-s," "-sh," "-x," or "-z" form their plurals by adding "-es" to the singular form.
    Example: box (singular) -> boxes (plural)

    3. Plurals Ending in "-ies": Nouns ending in a consonant followed by "-y" change the "-y" to "-ies" to form the plural.
    Example: baby (singular) -> babies (plural)

    4. Irregular Plurals: Some nouns have irregular plural forms that do not follow a specific pattern. These plurals must be learned individually.
    Example: child (singular) -> children (plural)
    5. Plural Forms Same as Singular: Some nouns have the same form for both singular and plural.
    Example: sheep (singular and plural)

    6. Plurals of Compound Nouns: For compound nouns, the plural is usually formed by making the main word (or the final element) plural.
    Example: sister-in-law (singular) -> sisters-in-law (plural)

    7. Plurals of Foreign Words: Plurals of nouns borrowed from other languages may have their own rules or retain their original plural forms.
    Example: phenomenon (singular) -> phenomena (plural)

    8. Singular Nouns Ending in "-s": Some nouns ending in "-s" can be both singular and plural, while others have different meanings in the singular and plural forms.
    Example: news (singular and plural), glass (singular) -> glasses (plural)

    9. Plurals of Proper Nouns: Plural forms of proper nouns (names of specific people, places, or things) are formed in various ways and are specific to each noun.
    Example: Smith (singular) -> Smiths (plural)
    10. Plurals with "-ves": Some nouns ending in "-f" or "-fe" change the "-f" or "-fe" to "-ves" to form the plural.
    Example: leaf (singular) -> leaves (plural)

    It's important to note that there are exceptions and irregularities in English spelling and grammar, so it's always advisable to consult a dictionary or reference source for specific noun plurals when in doubt.

    Examples for practice - 

     1.   cat - cats

    2. dog - dogs

    3. book - books

    4. chair - chairs

    5. table - tables

    6. car - cars

    7. house - houses

    8. tree - trees

    9. flower - flowers

    10.  pen - pens

    11. pencil - pencils

    12.   shoe - shoes

    13.  bird - birds

    14.  cow - cows

    15.  horse - horses

    16.  lion - lions

    17.   monkey - monkeys

    18.  tiger - tigers

    19.  elephant - elephants

    20. wolf - wolves

    21.   student - students

    22. teacher - teachers

    23. doctor - doctors

    24. actor - actors

    25. singer - singers

    26. writer - writers

    27. engineer - engineers

    28. scientist - scientists

    29. artist - artists

    30. photographer - photographers

    31.  lawyer - lawyers

    32. soldier - soldiers

    33. friend - friends

    34. parent - parents

    35. sibling - siblings

    36. housemate - housemates

    37. student - students

    38. worker - workers

    39. employee - employees

    40.visitor - visitors

    41.  driver - drivers

    42. musician - musicians

    43. dancer - dancers

    44.swimmer - swimmers

    45.actor - actors

    46.singer - singers

    47. dancer - dancers

    48.runner - runners

    49. player - players

    50. writer – writers

    51.  baby - babies

    52. city - cities

     

    53. lady - ladies

    54.party - parties

    55. country - countries

    56. leaf - leaves

    57. shelf - shelves

    58. thief - thieves

    59. wolf - wolves

    60. wife - wives

    61.  knife - knives

    62. life - lives

    63. belief - beliefs

    64.chief - chiefs

    65. roof - roofs

    66.proof - proofs

    67. half - halves

    68. calf - calves

    69. dwarf - dwarves

    70. torch - torches

    71.   church - churches

    72. match - matches

    73. sandwich - sandwiches

    74. kangaroo - kangaroos

    75. zoo - zoos

    76. boot - boots

    77. foot - feet

    78. goose - geese

    79. tooth - teeth

    80. louse - lice

    81.  mouse - mice

    82. nucleus - nuclei

    83. radius - radii

    84.basis - bases

    85. analysis - analyses

    86. thesis - theses

    87. bus - buses

    88. glass - glasses

    89. class - classes

    90. pass - passes

    91.  kiss - kisses

    92. miss - misses

    93. loss - losses

    94. boss - bosses

    95. process - processes

    96. address - addresses

    97. stress - stresses

    98. success - successes

    99. bus - buses

    100.             glass - glasses

    101.               brush - brushes

    102.              box - boxes

    103.              potato - potatoes

    104.             tomato - tomatoes

    105.             dress - dresses

    106.             class - classes

    107.              bush - bushes

    108.             boss - bosses

    109.              kiss - kisses

    110.     miss - misses

    111.  dish - dishes

    112. wish - wishes

    113.fox - foxes

    114.    box - boxes

    115.  mix - mixes

    116.   tax - taxes

    117. ox - oxen

    118.    hero - heroes

    119.   potato - potatoes

    120.   tomato - tomatoes

    121.     mosquito - mosquitoes

    122.    volcano - volcanoes

    123.    echo - echoes

    124.    hero - heroes

    125.   zero - zeros

    126.  mango - mangoes

    127.   piano - pianos

    128. solo - solos

    129.  photo - photos

    130.   video - videos

    131.studio - studios

    132.  kangaroo - kangaroos

    133.   zoo - zoos

    134.   patio - patios

    135.  radio - radios

    136.    studio - studios

    137.      portfolio - portfolios

    138.    volcano – volcanoes

    139.  child - children

    140.   man - men

    141.     woman - women

    142.     tooth - teeth

    143.   foot - feet

    144.   goose - geese

    145.   mouse - mice

    146.   louse - lice

    147.   ox - oxen

    148.   fish - fish

    149.   deer - deer

    150.   sheep - sheep

    151.      aircraft - aircraft

    152.  species - species

    153.   moose - moose

    154.    salmon - salmon

    155.   offspring - offspring

    156.  series - series

    157.   sheepdog - sheepdogs

    158.   cactus - cacti

    159.   fungus - fungi

    160. phenomenon - phenomena

    161.  criterion - criteria

    162.    medium - media

    163.    syllabus - syllabi

    Question tag-Meaning Explanation And examples

    https://www.smartguruji.in/2023/05/question-tag-meaning-explanation-and.html

    Collocations : Meaning,Explanation & Examples

    https://www.smartguruji.in/2023/05/english-collocations-meaning.html

    Homophones : Meaning,Explanation & Examples

    https://www.smartguruji.in/2023/05/homophones-meaningexplanation-examples.html

    ENGLISH GRAMMAR QUIZ FOR ALL  EXAMS…



     

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